Amago clan

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Amago clan
尼子氏
Kamon yotumeyui.png
The emblem (mon) of the Amago clan
Home provinceIzumo
Parent houseSasaki clan
TitlesVarious
FounderSasaki Takahisa
Final rulerAmago Yoshihisa
Founding year14th century
Ruled until1566, Fall of Gassantoda Castle

The Amago clan (尼子氏, Amago-shi), descended from the Emperor Uda (868–897) by the Kyogoku clan, descending from the Sasaki clan (Uda Genji).

Kyogoku Takahisa in the 14th century, lived in Amako-go (Omi Province), and took the name 'Amago'. They were also called the Kyogoku-Amago family. The family crest, is also the one of the Kyogoku clan.

They were Shugodai (vice-Governors) of Izumo and Oki provinces for generations, for the Kyogoku Shugo branch , and their seat was Gassan Toda castle.

In 1484, Amago Tsunehisa (1458–1541), was deprived of the position of Shugodai by Kyogoku Masatsune, who was the Shugo, because he did not obey the request of tax from the Muromachi bakufu, and was expelled from Gassan Toda castle. Although Enya Kamonnosuke was dispatched to Gassan Toda castle as the new Shugodai, Tsunehisa recaptured Gassan Toda castle by a surprise attack in 1486, took control of Izumo, and developed the Amago clan into a Sengoku Daimyo clan.

The Amago fought the Ōuchi clan or the Mōri clan (who had been among their vassals), during Japan's Sengoku period.

For much of the next hundred years, the clan battled with the Ōuchi and Mōri, who controlled neighboring provinces, and fell into decline when Gassantoda Castle fell to the Mōri in 1566.

Amago Katsuhisa tried to regain prestige for the clan by joining the forces of Oda Nobunaga, invaded Tajima and Inaba provinces, but was defeated and died in the Siege of Kōzuki by the Mōri in 1578.

Clan Heads[edit]

  1. Amago Takahisa (尼子高久, 1363–1391)
  2. Amago Mochihisa (尼子持久, 1381–1437)
  3. Amago Kiyosada (尼子清定, 1410–1488)
  4. Amago Tsunehisa (尼子経久, 1458–1541)
  5. Amago Haruhisa (尼子晴久, 1514–1561)
  6. Amago Yoshihisa (尼子義久, 1540–1610)
  7. Amago Motosato (尼子元知, 1572 or 1598–1622)
  8. Amago Nariyasu (尼子就易, ? –1659)
  9. Amago Ujihisa (尼子氏久, 1646–1710)
  10. Amago Motouji (尼子元氏, ? –1730)
  11. Amago Tokihisa (尼子時久, 1690–1752)
  12. Amago Narikiyo (尼子就清, 1721–1788)
  13. Amago Fusataka (尼子房高, 1754–1827)
  14. Amago Motohisa (尼子元久)
  15. Amago Chikanobu (尼子親辰)
  16. Amago Michisuke (尼子道介)
  17. Amago Shigehisa (尼子薫久)
  18. Amago Torasuke (尼子寅介)

Notable Members[edit]

Retainers and Vassals[edit]

The Amago's chief generals were called Amago 10 Yushi (尼子十勇士).

Other vassals:

References[edit]

  • Frederic, Louis (2002). "Japan Encyclopedia." Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.