Mutallibov in 1991
|1st President of Azerbaijan|
30 August 1991 – 6 March 1992
|Prime Minister||Hasan Hasanov|
|Preceded by||Office Established|
|Succeeded by||Yaqub Mammadov|
14 May 1992 – 18 May 1992
|Prime Minister||Rahim Huseynov|
|Preceded by||Yaqub Mammadov|
|Succeeded by||Isa Gambar|
|First Secretary of the Communist Party of Azerbaijan|
January 24, 1990 – September 14, 1991
|General Secretary||Mikhail Gorbachev|
|Preceded by||Abdulrahman Vezirov|
|Succeeded by||Office Abolished|
|Full member of the 28th Politburo|
14 July 1990 – 29 August 1991
Ayaz Niyazi oglu Mutallibov
12 May 1938
Baku, Azerbaijan SSR, Soviet Union
|Political party||Azerbaijan Communist Party,|
Social Democratic Party (Azerbaijan)
(m. 1961; died 2019)
Ayaz Niyazi oglu Mutallibov (Azerbaijani: Ayaz Niyazi oğlu Mütəllibov / Ајаз Нијази оғлу Мүтәллибов; Russian: Аяз Ниязович Муталибов, romanized: Ayaz Niyazovich Mutalibov, born 12 May 1938) is an Azerbaijani politician who served as the first president of Azerbaijan. He was the last leader of Soviet Azerbaijan, and the first President of independent Azerbaijan from August 1991 until May 1992.
Ayaz Mütallibov was born on May 12, 1938 in Baku to the family of a physician and later World War II veteran, Niyazi Aṣraf oğlu Mütallibov, and gynaecologist Kubra Mütallibova (died in 1988). Both of his parents from Shamakhi.
In 1956, Ayaz Mütallibov graduated from the secondary school #189 in Baku. During his youth he was fond of jazz music. He was a member of the school volleyball team. In 1956–62, Mütallibov attended the Azerbaijan State Institute of Petroleum and Chemistry.
- 1977 – appointed as the Second Secretary of Azerbaijan Communist Party for Narimanov district of Baku
- 1979 – appointed a Minister of Light Industry of Azerbaijan SSR.
- 1982 – appointed as the Chairman of the State Planning Committee of Azerbaijan SSR and the Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Azerbaijan SSR.
- January 1989 – appointed as the Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Azerbaijan SSR.
- January 20, 1990 – Soviet troops enter Baku; Black January crackdown takes place.
- January 24, 1990 – While in Moscow, Mütallibov is appointed as the First Secretary of the Azerbaijan Communist Party.
- May 19, 1990 – Supreme Council of Azerbaijan SSR elects Mütallibov as the first President of Azerbaijan SSR.
- December 1990 – at Mütallibov's initiative, the Supreme Council of Azerbaijan SSR officially renames the country to Azerbaijan Republic and adopts the Declaration of Sovereignty
- March 17, 1991 – under pressure from Mütallibov, the Supreme Council of Azerbaijan votes for participation of Azerbaijan in the referendum on the fate of Soviet Union
- August 20, 1991 – Mütallibov becomes the only Soviet leader to endorse the Soviet coup attempt of 1991 by issuing a statement in Tehran
- August 30, 1991 – Supreme Council of Azerbaijan adopts the Declaration of Independence of Azerbaijan
- September 1991 – Mütallibov dissolves the Communist Party of Azerbaijan and proposes constitutional changes for direct nationwide elections of president.
- September 8, 1991 – Mütallibov elected a president in a single-candidate nationwide election.
- December 1991 – In a nationwide referendum, Azerbaijani voters approve the Declaration of Independence adopted by the Supreme Council; Soviet Union is dissolved, Azerbaijan is recognized as an independent state by Turkey, Israel, Romania and Pakistan.
- February 25, 1992 – Armenian forces with the support of Russia's 366th Motor Rifle Regiment took control of Khojaly; fleeing residents become victims of the Khojaly Massacre.
- March 6, 1992 – Under pressure from Azerbaijan Popular Front due to mismanagement in defense of Khojaly and safety of its inhabitants, Mütallibov was forced to submit his resignation to the National Assembly of Azerbaijan.
- May 8, 1992 – Armenian forces take control of Shusha, the last Azerbaijani-populated town in Nagorno-Karabakh
- May 14, 1992 – Supreme Council of Azerbaijan, dominated by the former members of the Communist Party of Azerbaijan, hears the case on Khojaly Massacre, relieves Mütallibov of any responsibility, reverses his prior resignation and restores him as the President of Azerbaijan.
- May 15, 1992 – Armed forces led by the Azerbaijan Popular Front take control of the offices of the Parliament of Azerbaijan and Azerbaijani State Radio and Television, thereby deposing Mütallibov, who leaves for Moscow; defunct Supreme Council of Azerbaijan is dissolved passing the duties to the National Assembly of Azerbaijan formed by equal representation of Azerbaijan Popular Front and former communists.
- May 17, 1992 – Armenian forces take control of Lachin, Isa Gambar is elected as the new Chairman of the National Assembly of Azerbaijan and takes on the temporary duties of President of Azerbaijan until the national elections on June 17, 1992.
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Ayaz Mütallibov was in exile in Moscow from May 1992 until July 2012.
In 1994 he published a book called Karabakh – Black Garden in Moscow.
In July 2012, Mütallibov returned from exile with the permission of President Ilham Aliyev.
Family and personal life
Mütallibov was married to Adila Mütallibova, who died in 2019. They had two sons, Azad and Zaur, grandson Tahir and granddaughter Madina. His son Azad died of cancer on August 9, 2011 leaving only Zaur. Mutallibov arrived in Baku to attend his son’s funeral. It was his first visit to country after 1992.
- President of Azerbaijan
- Politics of Azerbaijan
- National Assembly of Azerbaijan
- Foreign relations of Azerbaijan
- List of political parties in Azerbaijan
- "Mutalibov, Ayaz Niyazovich". Caucasian Knot. 14 May 2003. Retrieved 2019-03-26.
- "Heydar Aliyev Foundation undertakes organizational issues of Adila Mutallibova's mourning ceremony". Report News Agency. Retrieved 2019-07-07.
- Ayaz Mutallibov's son passes away
|Wikisource has original works written by or about:|
|Party political offices|
| First Secretary of the Azerbaijan Communist Party
| President of Azerbaijan
October 30, 1991 – March 6, 1992
| President of Azerbaijan
May 14, 1992 – May 18, 1992